To efficiently study the African Traditional Religion (ATR), one must also study the people who practice this religion. This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Africans. It is the opposite... […] Quran was written in the 7th century CE. The quest for health and healing, which is basic to all cultures and people, is also a central need of the African population. Since Africa is a large continent with many ethnic groups and cultures, there is not one single technique of casting divination. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. For centuries the barriers of desert, tropical forest, and sea prevented religions from spreading south. It is impossible to generalize about concepts in African religions because they are ethno-religions, being determined by each ethnic group in the continent. They have replaced indigenous African religions, but are often adapted to African cultural contexts and belief systems. [21][22] New world religions such as Santería, Vodun, and Candomblé, would be derived from this world. An African understanding, The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, "US study sheds light on Africa's unique religious mix", Ian S. Markham,(A World Religions Reader. Traditional African beliefs and cultural practices cannot be fully discussed without the subject of religion being highlighted. [26][20][21][27], Traditional African medicine is also directly linked to traditional African religions. According to Clemmont E. Vontress, the various religious traditions of Africa are united by a basic Animism. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. constantly liable to misunderstand the African worldview and beliefs. ), are excited to the point of going into meditative trance in response to rhythmic or driving drumming or singing. When Ludwig got to 1. All aspects of weather, thunder, lightning, rain, day, moon, sun, stars, and so on may become amenable to control through the cosmology of African people. Ethiopia was the first countryto adopt Christianity as a doctrine. Introduction to African religion. In the village of Eshowe in the KwaZulu-Natal Province in South Africa, a Zulu Isangoma (diviner), with a puff adder in his mouth, practices soothsaying, or predicting, with snakes. [10][11][12][13][14] The two Abrahamic religions are widespread across Africa, though mostly concentrated in different areas. God is also known as Mungu, Murungu, or Mulungu (a variant of a word meaning God, which is found as far south as the Zambesi of Zambia), and is sometimes given the title Mwathani or Mwathi (the greatest ruler), which comes from the word gwatha, meaning to rule or reign with authority. Diviner (also known as priest) are also sought for their wisdom as counselors in life and for their knowledge of herbal medicine. The practice of casting may be done with small objects, such as bones, cowrie shells, stones, strips of leather, or flat pieces of wood. Main article: African divination Although the majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Most African religions acknowledge the existence of a supreme deity who created the world and then, in most cases, retired from dealing with earthly affairs. Some of the African traditional religions are those of the Serer of Senegal, the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, and the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast. . In this state, depending upon the region, drumming or instrumental rhythms played by respected musicians (each of which is unique to a given deity or ancestor), participants embody a deity or ancestor, energy or state of mind by performing distinct ritual movements or dances which further enhance their elevated consciousness. Traditional African religions are the traditions of the religious groups in Africa.After Christianity and Islam, they are the third-biggest religious group in Africa.These religions still stick to their traditions. Gods and Spirits. Most African societies believe in a single Supreme being (Chukwu, Nyame, Olodumare, Ngai, Roog, etc.). Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The role of humanity is generally seen as one of harmonising nature with the supernatural. [16], Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. In many traditional African religions, there is a belief in a cyclical nature of reality. The Traditional Religions of Africa. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). African religions also share many ideas with world religions such as Judaism and Buddhism. [15], Followers of traditional African religions are also found around the world. When he comes he rests on Mount Kenya and four other sacred mountains. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. Traditional African religions embrace natural phenomena – ebb and tide, waxing and waning moon, rain and drought – and the rhythmic pattern of agriculture. Yet certain aspects of African faiths differ from those of most world religions. [8][9], Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. They are folk religions, and combine different beliefs.In general, people in the cities confess to either Christianity or Islam. In Africa the traditional religions are a major source for the study of the African experience of God. They have replaced indigenous African religions, but are often adapted to African cultural contexts and belief systems. 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography says: Earth’s Crisis and Evolution Series- Part 1 Finding Commonality in Religious and Spiritual Pathways – SacredFireofKnowledge says: Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Persecution of traditional African religion, 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography, ... [Trackback] [...] Read More Infos here: slife.org/ethics-in-religion/ [...], […] https://www.discovermongolia.mn/about-mongolia/culture-art-history/religion-in-mongolia https://slife.org/mongolian-shamanism/ https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-religions-are-practiced-in-mongolia.html […], ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: slife.org/western-slang-lingo-and-phrases/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/mens-rights-movement/ [...]. Ancestors (ancestral ghosts/spirits) are an integral part of reality. This list is limited to a few well-known traditions. Some castings are done using sacred divination plates made of wood or performed on the ground (often within a circle). Umewaen: Journal of Benin & Edoid Studies: Osweego, NY. There are common beliefs in Africa although the continent is a large with many different cultures and Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. 3 And similar to this was the dialogue that took place between Edwin Smith, who had gone out as a missionary to Africa, and Emil Ludwig, an eminent biographer. He noted that it is where Africans and for that matter Ghanaians belong. living religion in Africa cannot be ignored as Africa struggles with challenges facing it today. He gave birth to the human community, created the first Kikuyu communities, and provided them with all the resources necessary for life: land, rain, plants and animals. Religion enters into every aspect of the life of the Africans and it cannot be studied in isolation. According to Gottlieb and Mbiti: The environment and nature are infused in every aspect of traditional African religions and culture. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic, and traditional medicine. Most Africans are Christians, but is Christianity an African religion? Since Africa is a large continent with many ethnic groups and cultures, there is not one single technique of casting divination. Christianity and Islam make up the largest religions in contemporary Africa, and some sources say that less than 15% still follow traditional African religions. Natural phenomena are responsible for providing people with their daily needs. [18], Traditional African religions can be broken down into linguistic cultural groups, with common themes. Examples include social behaviors such as the respect for parents and elders, raising children appropriately, providing hospitality, and being honest, trustworthy, and courageous. [1][7], Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million. Ancestors can offer advice and bestow good fortune and honor to their living dependents, but they can also make demands, such as insisting that their shrines be properly maintained and propitiated. This pursuit for Africans has religious implications because, as it is widely known, the Africans are notoriously religious 1 and have a holistic worldview. In some traditional African religions, morality is associated with obedience or disobedience to God regarding the way a person or a community lives. In some traditional African religions, morality is associated with obedience or disobedience to God regarding the way a person or a community lives. For example, within the Samburu tribe of Kenya, a bride lives with her husband until her pregnancy.… Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. Africa is a massive continent with diverse religious traditions, to the extent that within the same tradition there have been variations. "Kings, Magic & Medicine". . All over the world we find a firm belief in a spiritual reality behind the confusions of daily existence, though understanding of the exact nature of the relationship between the spheres of spirit and matter varies enormously. Peavy, D., (2009). These statements await further exploration by African theologians. Kenya is located in East Africa and borders Somalia to the northeast, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the east. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 15:48. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/religious-beliefs-in-kenya.html Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003), Index of African mythology and creation narratives, List of African deities and mythical figures, Traditional African Religion and other religions, Persecution of traditional African religion, "The world of spirits and the respect for nature: towards a new appreciation of animism", "Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa", What is religion? Magic – Many of the African traditional religions believe in mysterious forces and magic.Priests (sometimes known as witchdoctors) may cast spells or … There are generally no prohibitions against the practice. Among Afro-Asiatic-speakers is henotheism, the belief in one's own gods but accepting the existence of other gods; evil here is caused by malevolent spirits. Welcome to the summary lecture of African Traditional Religions. The possessed are referred to as “horsemen,” because they are … From the Traditional Music and Cultures of Kenya, a multimedia encyclopaedia dedicated to all Kenyan tribes, including music and dance, history, culture, society, religion and beliefs, rituals and daily life, fables, legends, riddles and proverbs. Natural phenomena are responsible for providing people with their daily needs. There are many adherents of traditional religions, who came from long ago and are associated with a long autonomous historical development. That is the case concerning issues about Africa and its religious beliefs. Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity i.e. [35], Traditional African religions generally believe in an afterlife, one or more Spirit worlds, and Ancestor worship is an important basic concept in mostly all African religions. Today, the countries of Africa contain a wide variety of religious beliefs, and statistics on religious affiliation are difficult to come by. Rites of Passage – In the rites of passage, African traditional religions played a significant role.These included marriage rituals which entered adulthood, birth and death. They include the Protestants, Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Independent and non-affiliated Christians. Study Guide MSR203. In traditional African societies, many people seek out diviners on a regular basis. Westerners, and even most misinformed Africans, are wont to use derogatory words such as primitive, idolatry, paganism etc. One religious ceremony practiced in Gabon and Cameroon is the Okuyi, practiced by several Bantu ethnic groups. Virtue in traditional African religion is often connected with carrying out obligations of the communal aspect of life. […] This literature was highly treasured by many Jewish enthusiasts, in... […] Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt, were said to have a “secret”... […] (طهارة‎, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. There are common beliefs in Africa although the continent is a large with many different … Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1996. Traditional healers are common in most areas, and their practices include a religious element to varying degrees. However, there were many traditional religions practiced prior to the arrival of these two religions. Virtue in traditional African religion is often connected with carrying out obligations of the communal aspect of life. Abstract. [32], Followers of traditional African religions pray to various spirits as well as to their ancestors. For the Kikuyu, according to their primary supreme creator, Ngai, acting through the lesser deities, is believed to speak to and be capable of guiding the virtuous person as one’s conscience. Traditional Religions The religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa are Christianity and Islam. [6][1] The role of humanity is generally seen as one of harmonizing nature with the supernatural. Main article: Persecution … 3 Leo Frobenius, The Voice of Africa, Vol. [33] This includes also nature, elementary and animal spirits. The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." While some traditions have a supreme being (next to other deities), others have not. For many Africans and Ghanaians, in particular, it is religion more than anything else that shapes their worldview and participation in … Modern Religion. Some castings are done using sacred divination plates made of wood or performed on the ground (often within a circle). There are more similarities than differences in all traditional African religions. This is largely because cosmology and beliefs are intricately intertwined with the natural phenomena and environment. Traditional Africa religions. Some recognize a dual God and Goddess such as Mawu-Lisa. "Religions of South Africa" pp. ), are excited to the point of going into meditative trance in response to rhythmic or driving drumming or singing. Yet certain aspects of African faiths differ from those of most world religions. History of African traditional religion. Traditional healer of South Africa performing a divination by reading the bones. 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